Category Archives: Computers and Technology

Top 5 Cutting-Edge Telematics Trends to Watch For

The latest telematics market trends continue to point towards providing in-car connectivity and by 2016 2G network connectivity will be a thing of the past. Therefore, it goes without saying that there’s a huge market potential that still remains untapped as far as the telematics ecosystem is concerned.

In the recent past, we have seen that providing connected cars has taken a new momentum and every car maker is gearing up to facilitate connectivity that offers powerful network technologies even as faster networks like 3G and 4G are emerging. For example technologies supporting real-time driver safety instruction, fleet maintenance programs, including fuel and productivity tools are now available worldwide for vehicle users to peruse – all this at the same price points as previous years’ tech.

According to Ernst & Young, by the year 2025 the market penetration statistics is expected to be 88% for new cars. This is a new paradigm shift as far as in-car connectivity of integrated telematics is concerned. In the US alone, by 2025, 16 million new cars are going to be equipped with embedded telematics. Let’s quickly take a look at the hottest trends in the exciting world of telematics today.

Top Market Trend 1: Mapping to a Safer, More Efficient Intuitive Mechanization

In the rapidly evolving world of telematics, the topmost exciting innovations like GPS tracking or map navigation systems alone have begun to empower both managers and drivers to associate with online platforms and encourage real-time communication on the go.

Although the GPS tracking system took hold about 10-12 years ago and has quickly become a mainstream telematics service, it is still counted as one of the top technologies that directly communicates with your car and transmits information such as providing maps, heavy rain up ahead, weather reports, wheel sensitivity, traffic alerts, reducing speed, etc. with day-by-day, hour-by-hour, and meter-by-meter accuracy.

Top Market Trend 2: Autonomous Cars Becoming a Reality

Back in 2013, the first so-called ‘autonomous-drive’ car has been driven in Japan. ‘Autonomous-drive’ or driverless car is attracting the most buzz. While these voice-controlled vehicles are already in operation, albeit in test versions and not as yet produced commercially, but there’s no stopping the fact that such cars are going to be available sooner than we think. Maybe as early as 2020, you can see a car with all its latest voice and touch controls, zooming past you on the street.

Top Market Trend 3: Greater Smartphone and Tablet Integration

Smartphones, iPads and Tablets have become a business staple nowadays. They are not a novelty anymore, but at work as highly personalized tools for users to take advantage of. So, no wonder then that these smart omnipresent new-age gadgets have become an easy platform for integrating telematics into them. Smart-phones, or for that matter tablets, create a seamless IT operation that can work hand-in-hand with the latest advanced telematics solutions – whether you are in your car, home or office, or even during your leisure time, it can give you exact specifications and deliveries meeting your every need.

Mobile apps on your smartphone facilitate connectivity that allows drivers to control their car remotely; you can check your car’s performance, safety and security by communicating with it in real-time and on the go. Rising consumer demands of tech savvy people have made sure that the telematics market continues to grow. Overtime, this Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Solutions(V2I) feature will also allow inter-connectivity between two connected cars that will bring about an increasing need for machine-to-machine (M2M) connectivity as well.

Top Market Trend 4: In-Vehicle Infotainment!

There’s a palpable excitement around infotainment in the automobile industry and amongst vehicle users. And the world of telematics doesn’t exempt from this euphoria, and why should it, especially when there’s an ongoing love affair with the social media networks.

According to the latest report published by Allied Market Research, by the year 2022 the in-car infotainment market will witness a double digit growth at an expected CAGR growth rate of 13.3% to reach $33.8 billion in total revenue.

With an unmistakable presence of great options or high-performance interfaces like Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, touch screen audio or even audio, video, GPS-based navigation systems, interactive voice recognition services, live media streaming service, phone pairing features, among others, it is a given that the entertainment quotient in the infotainment industry will have a lion’s share in terms of loyal followers and making it quite easier to gain new markets and customers. To be sure, this is just the beginning of things to come.

Top Market Trend 5: The Impact of the ‘Internet of Things’

The diversity of the Internet of things (IoT) is set to profoundly impact the telematics ecosystem. With the combined power of interconnection of everyday objects via the internet, the “car of the future” will be increasingly intelligent, “wearable”, interconnected and seamlessly accelerated.

What’s more, in the grand scheme of things of IoT, the car itself will become smarter than it is now as it will start leveraging key IoT enabling technologies that will directly address the virtual realm of real-time information, infotainment, and social networking with aplomb.

In the IoT environment, the car can only literally be a big data in motion problem which has become the proverbial poster child of this so-called IoT revolution where M2M (machine-to-machine) is a parent and Telematics is a grandparent and IoT is a child. We must realize that this is a third generation family, with similar DNA that is. All three generations are here to impact our lives.

Data Center, Server, Computer and Laptop Hard Drive Destruction

An extensive title, but it is all-encompassing none the less. In my 14 plus years of touching devices, I can say that I have seen and felt thousands of pieces of equipment. Though the scenarios in which I am working with the different types of equipment, and the clients certainly do vary. So what are some of the situations that allow for me to handle these various pieces of equipment? Good question, so here is my short list… data center relocations, A/V relocations, data center decommissioning, and green recycling projects.

I would attest that physical security in my field of work is number one, and my clients feel the same way. My thought is the people I work with are so aware (nervous) about chain of custody, CYA, and the end result being nothing less than exceptional. This is no matter the scope of work we are performing. I often find myself hearing clients expressing in a subtle way that they really want to know I care about their project, reputation, and it’s not just about hitting their wallets as hard and fast as I can. My work ethic is such that the part in which I have played in a client’s project makes think I leave a little bit of myself behind each time. So yes I am emotionally involved in each and every client/client project.

Leaving the various scopes of work on hold for a moment, there is one particular aspect often discussed with clients. It’s pretty much standard conversation, and if it isn’t, I am without a doubt going to spark conversation on it. The title of this article says it all, Hard Drive & Media Destruction. I would like to educate you on the simple definition of destruction. Destruction is a noun, pronounced /dYÈstrYkSH(Y)n/; and the definition is the action or process of causing so much damage to something that it no longer exists or cannot be repaired.

I have such a deep emotional tie to the services I am involved in, and look/prepare for worst case 100% of the time. The simple reason (not really) is that I have been performing tech services for over a decade and have seen/heard most of it. To be honest I still see many new things, but this is off topic.

So in keeping this article to the point and direct, there is only one way to create a safe end of life solution for your data storage, BY DESTROYING IT (then green recycle). Companies and people alike take our environment into consideration more now than in the past with green recycling the massive amounts of e-waste. Far more people in the past (and now) did not consider the data held on hard drives, and would call the recycling guy to come down and “haul” their junk to be “recycled”. Like anything in life, all business and work ethic are not created equally. Some of that “recycled” equipment and hard drives that were supposed to be “junked” in fact ended up on online auction sites, and sold locally. This, then and now is a PR nightmare, and can often times never be undone. Especially if the data on the hard drives was extracted by someone who shouldn’t have it. Remember that your companies name is attached to the equipment as well, so we wouldn’t want to hear reports of “junked” equipment being found with your asset tag or serial number down by the local river.

Some fly by night “recyclers” were found not even attempting to remove the data from hard drives, or they were using “formatting” software to “erase” the hard drives. The problem is, if you are a targeted company or person; there are a multitude of people that have the abilities to recover data from a “erased” hard drive. This is one scenario from the past, and it is just as relevant today! Change the story line just a little, and it applies no matter.

IBM sponsored the 11th annual Cost of Data Breach Study, which is the industry’s gold-standard benchmark research, independently conducted by Ponemon Institute. 2016’s study found the average consolidated total cost of a data breach grew from $3.8 million in 2015 to $4 million dollars! In addition to the data breach cost data, Ponemon Institute’s global study puts the likelihood of a material data breach involving 10,000 lost or stolen records within the next 24 months at 26%. These numbers will make you lose your breath, and I hope it doesn’t make you lose sleep because of your last hard drive, media, and recycling pickup.

The entire point of this article is to raise your awareness on data breaches, and theft of data. Unless you plan to keep and redeploy not in use hard drives internally, please mechanically shred all hard drives and media storage! In my opinion the risk in using 3rd party applications to delete drive prior to disposing, or trusting someone to take your intact hard drives away isn’t worth your reputation or your companies.

I believe in what I do, and also base my belief in the end result. An absolute solution for hard drive disposal and destruction is by one simple method, mechanically shredding drives… period.

4 Types of Connectivity With Industrial Ruggedness

Connectivity is crucial for all types of data networks. Data networks evolve over time as technology improves; it is often necessary to connect legacy copper-wired serial communications to modern TCP/IP communications through more advanced media such as optical fiber. Moreover, many different types of data formats, standards, media and connectors are often mixed and used together within a single data network. Examples of different types of standards and protocols include physical-layer standards, such as RS-232, RS-485, RS-422, TTL, USB, and TCP/IP, and higher-level protocols, such as Profibus, Interbus, Modbus, BACnet, and Modbus TCP/IP. Copper wires and optical fibers are typical examples of different media; and there are dozens of different connectors used for machine-to-machine (M2M) connectivity and data communication systems, including DB9, DB25, USB type A, USB type B, mini USB, micro USB, terminal blocks, RJ11, RJ45, and ST, SC, FC, and LC connectors for fiber optic products.

Data networks perform many important tasks, including industrial automation (production, processing, monitoring, etc.), building automation (heating, ventilation, air conditioning [HVAC]; security systems; surveillance systems; etc.), motor control, and motion control. The costs for data equipment such as computers, PLCs, and industrial manufacturing or data processing equipment, ranges from hundreds to hundreds of thousands of dollars, but perhaps the most important cost is system downtime because this affects your profitability, product delivery times, and customer relationships. With robust, machine-made cables, connectors, patch cords, terminal blocks, and gender changers, you can enjoy the maximum uptime and drastically reduce repair and replacement costs for your M2M connectivity and data communication systems.

Serial Connectivity

Serial ports come in various forms (such as DB9, DB25 and Terminal Blocks) and with both female and male connectors; it is often necessary to convert from one form to another: DB9 to DB25, female to male, DB9 to terminal blocks, etc. To deal with all these situations, you will need to have the right types of cables and connectors to do the conversions.

USB Connectivity

Replacing conventional RS-232 / RS-485 / RS-422 ports, USB has become the norm for controlling computer peripherals, and it has now moved from the desktop to more challenging environments, including instrumentation, point of sales, factory & building automation, etc. Similar to serial connectivity, USB also comes in different formats, such as type A, type B, mini, and micro USB. With suitable USB connectivity products, including cables and conversion adapters, you will be able to connect your modern networks with industrial ruggedness.

Ethernet Connectivity

Data networks evolve over time, and the same applies to Ethernet cables; from CAT 3 to CAT 6, the requirements for twisted-pair cables have become more demanding for the sake of increasing network speeds. Modern 10 / 100M Ethernet requires at least CAT 5 cables, and Gigabit networks require CAT 6 cables for speed and reliability. With reliable CAT 5e and CAT 6 cables, you can organise your data networks confidently and systematically.

Fiber Optic Connectivity

Fiber optic patch cords provide convenient connections between fiber-optic converters and patch panels. When choosing a quality fiber optic patch cord or cable, it is advisable to get one that has LSZH (Low Smoke Zero Halogen). The LSZH fiber-optic patch cords are more fire-resistant than other type of cables, such as PVC-jacketed cables. Should they catch on fire, burning LSZH cables give off little smoke and no halogen substances, which is important not only for the environment but also for the health of people near the cables.

To ensure a smooth connectivity of your data networks of any of the 4 above types, CommFront offers a wide range of robust, machine-made cables, connectors, patch cords, terminal blocks, and gender changers to make it all possible.

5 Ways to Extend Your Data Communications Without Limits

Your network is only as effective as its reach – yet unbalanced signals such as USB and RS-232 can reliably transmit only up to 15 feet, and even balanced Ethernet signals are capped at 300 feet. With a growing range of connectivity platforms, modern data networks require not just compatibility and reliability but also flexibility and expandability. There are many ideal solutions to meet modern networks’ data distance needs such as converting unbalanced signals to balanced ones, deploying repeaters to boost signal strength, and implementing hubs for star-configured connections, while still taking full advantage of cost-effective and readily available copper wire. For large systems that go far beyond what copper wires can reach, fibre-optic converters can used to work in both conventional point-to-point and advanced daisy-chain / redundant-ring configurations, giving your data network a boost in distance, ranging from 3 miles to hundreds of miles, and additional flexibility, reliability, and expandability. The use of a Serial-TCP program is another ideal solution for merging serial communication protocols with modern TCP/IP communication, yielding benefits such as widely available infrastructures and greater distance, reliability, and speed.

Point to Point

Used mostly for one-to-one unbalanced signal (RS-232, TTL, and USB, etc.) extension, it can also be used for one-to-one optical fiber extension. Depends on the signal types, the extended distance ranges from 250 feet (70 m) to 4000 feet (1.2 km) on copper wire and 3 miles (5 km) to 40 miles (25 km) on optical fiber.

Daisy Chain (Multi-Drop)

Typically used for multi-drop RS-485 / RS-422 networks, addressable commands from the Master can be sent to all Slaves, and the addressed Slave can respond to the Master through the same wires, thus reducing the system’s costs. The typical distance for a daisy-chain RS-485 / RS-422 network is 4000 feet (1.2 km), and with the RS-485 / RS-422 repeater, this distance can be extended by another 4000 feet (1.2 km).

Star Wiring

Due to the nature of the signals and the requirements of impedance matching, the RS-485 / RS-422 network must run on a linear, daisy-chain (multi-drop) configuration; however, star-wiring is inevitable in many places. With very well-engineered hubs, the star-wiring configuration is more than just possible; it makes the system much more robust and reliable.

Redundant Ring

Data networks are critical for production, security, and information exchange, any system downtime is very costly – and even deadly in some situations. With an extra self-healing redundant link, a system will not break down even if there is a breaking point in the system, as these redundant-ring networks work both clockwise and counter-clockwise. If the clockwise link is down, the counter-clockwise link will recover the system instantly.

Network

Legacy serial communication protocols such as Modbus have merged rapidly with modern TCP/IP communications, yielding benefits such as widely available infrastructures and greater distance, reliability, and speed. A suitable Serial-TCP program offers ideal solutions to bridge your existing Serial/COM port and TCP/IP without the need for changing protocol. It works seamlessly and transparently, just like a pair of passive repeaters; furthermore, instead of requiring installation of cables and converters with limited distance, it simply makes use of existing computers and networks with an unlimited transmission distance.

Why IT Education Solutions Are Important

Technology affects all aspects of our lives nowadays, from the work we do right through to the way we do it. So much has changed in recent decades that generations at school today are far more adept at using these technological features than preceding age groups, and this trend is set to continue.

In education today, IT education is not only about teaching students and pupils what they need to learn to advance in the modern world, but is also about how various tools and techniques can help them learn more efficiently. Here are some of the main reasons why IT education solutions are so important.

Firstly, it is important to put in place an IT solution for schools as it can help students get the most out of learning. With many classes today utilising various devices and technologies to learn, ensuring that these are being used in the most efficient way possible to maximise the learning experience is very important.

Devices such as smart boards and tablets all have their role in the classroom, but being set up with right software and cloud computing options can make the difference between implementing new technology just for the sake of it – and often to great expense – and implementing it cost effectively and for maximum impact.

With more and more young people being extremely adept at using technology in the first place, having a solution that can meet their expectations can also make a huge difference for an educational institution. Whether primary, secondary or higher education, students can become more engaged in lessons where technology is used correctly and in an engaging, modern way.

The importance of great IT education solutions also rolls over into the independent research and leisure time of pupils or students at an educational institution. Although many devices used in the classroom can enhance learning, having great software and cloud computing options in place to facilitate independent study and research is extremely beneficial.

This can enhance learning in many ways and help the school meet its targets in many different areas of learning. Again, this can help encourage curiosity and motivation to learn for a technology-orientated generation.

The next way that IT education solutions are so important is for the impact that they have on teachers and other staff at school, improving their ways of working. Schools and educational institutions are busy, creative and constantly-evolving organisms, and any IT solution needs to be able to adapt along with the institution’s changing needs.

Tools such as Google for Schools mean that not only can students take advantage of the benefits of technology in the classroom, but so can the staff. This can assist the ease of lesson preparation for teachers, coordination of lesson plans between teachers managing the same classrooms, and accurate records for attendance and pupil performance maintained by staff at the school.

Many modern cloud based tools are extremely collaborative and facilitate greater information sharing and record keeping. For institutions looking to improve efficiency in the workplace for the benefit of the institution as a whole – students, staff and results – then implementing these solutions can make a huge defence.

IT education solutions have a huge role to play in modern education, and finding a service provider that can deliver these can make all the difference for an institution. For schools looking to make a huge difference for their staff and their learns, time should be spent looking for a company that is dedicated to helping your institution take advantage of all that technology has to offer.

This could include new devices, a new IT infrastructure and the integration of cloud computing into the everyday lives of students and staff. As technology and innovation constantly moves forward, this can help any institution reap great rewards in the present and in the future.

Smile Business Group offers a superior and tailored business solutions service to help their clients’ companies succeed. With 75 years’ combined experience in the IT, business and education sectors, the group delivers a range of services through its Smile IT, Smile Tel and Smile Consulting operations. Through proactively engaging organisational executives and owners, Smile IT aligns best of breed technologies and infrastructure to provide small to medium enterprises with a dynamic and robust platform to enhance their business and technology investment. Operating in Brisbane, the Sunshine Coast and the Gold Coast in Australia, Smile IT is committed to their customers remaining at the cutting edge of technology and offers lightening quick customer support with no lock in contracts.

Impacts of Information Technology on Society in the New Century

In the past few decades there has been a revolution in computing and communications, and all indications are that technological progress and use of information technology will continue at a rapid pace. Accompanying and supporting the dramatic increases in the power and use of new information technologies has been the declining cost of communications as a result of both technological improvements and increased competition. According to Moore’s law the processing power of microchips is doubling every 18 months. These advances present many significant opportunities but also pose major challenges. Today, innovations in information technology are having wide-ranging effects across numerous domains of society, and policy makers are acting on issues involving economic productivity, intellectual property rights, privacy protection, and affordability of and access to information. Choices made now will have long lasting consequences, and attention must be paid to their social and economic impacts.

One of the most significant outcomes of the progress of information technology is probably electronic commerce over the Internet, a new way of conducting business. Though only a few years old, it may radically alter economic activities and the social environment. Already, it affects such large sectors as communications, finance and retail trade and might expand to areas such as education and health services. It implies the seamless application of information and communication technology along the entire value chain of a business that is conducted electronically.

The impacts of information technology and electronic commerce on business models, commerce, market structure, workplace, labour market, education, private life and society as a whole.

1. Business Models, Commerce and Market Structure

One important way in which information technology is affecting work is by reducing the importance of distance. In many industries, the geographic distribution of work is changing significantly. For instance, some software firms have found that they can overcome the tight local market for software engineers by sending projects to India or other nations where the wages are much lower. Furthermore, such arrangements can take advantage of the time differences so that critical projects can be worked on nearly around the clock. Firms can outsource their manufacturing to other nations and rely on telecommunications to keep marketing, R&D, and distribution teams in close contact with the manufacturing groups. Thus the technology can enable a finer division of labour among countries, which in turn affects the relative demand for various skills in each nation. The technology enables various types of work and employment to be decoupled from one another. Firms have greater freedom to locate their economic activities, creating greater competition among regions in infrastructure, labour, capital, and other resource markets. It also opens the door for regulatory arbitrage: firms can increasingly choose which tax authority and other regulations apply.

Computers and communication technologies also promote more market-like forms of production and distribution. An infrastructure of computing and communication technology, providing 24-hour access at low cost to almost any kind of price and product information desired by buyers, will reduce the informational barriers to efficient market operation. This infrastructure might also provide the means for effecting real-time transactions and make intermediaries such as sales clerks, stock brokers and travel agents, whose function is to provide an essential information link between buyers and sellers, redundant. Removal of intermediaries would reduce the costs in the production and distribution value chain. The information technologies have facilitated the evolution of enhanced mail order retailing, in which goods can be ordered quickly by using telephones or computer networks and then dispatched by suppliers through integrated transport companies that rely extensively on computers and communication technologies to control their operations. Nonphysical goods, such as software, can be shipped electronically, eliminating the entire transport channel. Payments can be done in new ways. The result is disintermediation throughout the distribution channel, with cost reduction, lower end-consumer prices, and higher profit margins.

The impact of information technology on the firms’ cost structure can be best illustrated on the electronic commerce example. The key areas of cost reduction when carrying out a sale via electronic commerce rather than in a traditional store involve physical establishment, order placement and execution, customer support, strong, inventory carrying, and distribution. Although setting up and maintaining an e-commerce web site might be expensive, it is certainly less expensive to maintain such a storefront than a physical one because it is always open, can be accessed by millions around the globe, and has few variable costs, so that it can scale up to meet the demand. By maintaining one ‘store’ instead of several, duplicate inventory costs are eliminated. In addition, e-commerce is very effective at reducing the costs of attracting new customers, because advertising is typically cheaper than for other media and more targeted. Moreover, the electronic interface allows e-commerce merchants to check that an order is internally consistent and that the order, receipt, and invoice match. Through e-commerce, firms are able to move much of their customer support on line so that customers can access databases or manuals directly. This significantly cuts costs while generally improving the quality of service. E-commerce shops require far fewer, but high-skilled, employees. E-commerce also permits savings in inventory carrying costs. The faster the input can be ordered and delivered, the less the need for a large inventory. The impact on costs associated with decreased inventories is most pronounced in industries where the product has a limited shelf life (e.g. bananas), is subject to fast technological obsolescence or price declines (e.g. computers), or where there is a rapid flow of new products (e.g. books, music). Although shipping costs can increase the cost of many products purchased via electronic commerce and add substantially to the final price, distribution costs are significantly reduced for digital products such as financial services, software, and travel, which are important e-commerce segments.

Although electronic commerce causes the disintermediation of some intermediaries, it creates greater dependency on others and also some entirely new intermediary functions. Among the intermediary services that could add costs to e-commerce transactions are advertising, secure online payment, and delivery. The relative ease of becoming an e-commerce merchant and setting up stores results in such a huge number of offerings that consumers can easily be overwhelmed. This increases the importance of using advertising to establish a brand name and thus generate consumer familiarity and trust. For new e-commerce start-ups, this process can be expensive and represents a significant transaction cost. The openness, global reach, and lack of physical clues that are inherent characteristics of e-commerce also make it vulnerable to fraud and thus increase certain costs for e-commerce merchants as compared to traditional stores. New techniques are being developed to protect the use of credit cards in e-commerce transactions, but the need for greater security and user verification leads to increased costs. A key feature of e-commerce is the convenience of having purchases delivered directly. In the case of tangibles, such as books, this incurs delivery costs, which cause prices to rise in most cases, thereby negating many of the savings associated with e-commerce and substantially adding to transaction costs.

With the Internet, e-commerce is rapidly expanding into a fast-moving, open global market with an ever-increasing number of participants. The open and global nature of e-commerce is likely to increase market size and change market structure, both in terms of the number and size of players and the way in which players compete on international markets. Digitized products can cross the border in real time, consumers can shop 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and firms are increasingly faced with international online competition. The Internet is helping to enlarge existing markets by cutting through many of the distribution and marketing barriers that can prevent firms from gaining access to foreign markets. E-commerce lowers information and transaction costs for operating on overseas markets and provides a cheap and efficient way to strengthen customer-supplier relations. It also encourages companies to develop innovative ways of advertising, delivering and supporting their product and services. While e-commerce on the Internet offers the potential for global markets, certain factors, such as language, transport costs, local reputation, as well as differences in the cost and ease of access to networks, attenuate this potential to a greater or lesser extent.

2. Workplace and Labour Market

Computers and communication technologies allow individuals to communicate with one another in ways complementary to traditional face-to-face, telephonic, and written modes. They enable collaborative work involving distributed communities of actors who seldom, if ever, meet physically. These technologies utilize communication infrastructures that are both global and always up, thus enabling 24-hour activity and asynchronous as well as synchronous interactions among individuals, groups, and organizations. Social interaction in organizations will be affected by use of computers and communication technologies. Peer-to-peer relations across department lines will be enhanced through sharing of information and coordination of activities. Interaction between superiors and subordinates will become more tense because of social control issues raised by the use of computerized monitoring systems, but on the other hand, the use of e-mail will lower the barriers to communications across different status levels, resulting in more uninhibited communications between supervisor and subordinates.

That the importance of distance will be reduced by computers and communication technology also favours telecommuting, and thus, has implications for the residence patterns of the citizens. As workers find that they can do most of their work at home rather than in a centralized workplace, the demand for homes in climatically and physically attractive regions would increase. The consequences of such a shift in employment from the suburbs to more remote areas would be profound. Property values would rise in the favoured destinations and fall in the suburbs. Rural, historical, or charming aspects of life and the environment in the newly attractive areas would be threatened. Since most telecommuters would be among the better educated and higher paid, the demand in these areas for high-income and high-status services like gourmet restaurants and clothing boutiques would increase. Also would there be an expansion of services of all types, creating and expanding job opportunities for the local population.

By reducing the fixed cost of employment, widespread telecommuting should make it easier for individuals to work on flexible schedules, to work part time, to share jobs, or to hold two or more jobs simultaneously. Since changing employers would not necessarily require changing one’s place of residence, telecommuting should increase job mobility and speed career advancement. This increased flexibility might also reduce job stress and increase job satisfaction. Since job stress is a major factor governing health there may be additional benefits in the form of reduced health costs and mortality rates. On the other hand one might also argue that technologies, by expanding the number of different tasks that are expected of workers and the array of skills needed to perform these tasks, might speed up work and increase the level of stress and time pressure on workers.

A question that is more difficult to be answered is about the impacts that computers and communications might have on employment. The ability of computers and communications to perform routine tasks such as bookkeeping more rapidly than humans leads to concern that people will be replaced by computers and communications. The response to this argument is that even if computers and communications lead to the elimination of some workers, other jobs will be created, particularly for computer professionals, and that growth in output will increase overall employment. It is more likely that computers and communications will lead to changes in the types of workers needed for different occupations rather than to changes in total employment.

A number of industries are affected by electronic commerce. The distribution sector is directly affected, as e-commerce is a way of supplying and delivering goods and services. Other industries, indirectly affected, are those related to information and communication technology (the infrastructure that enables e-commerce), content-related industries (entertainment, software), transactions-related industries (financial sector, advertising, travel, transport). eCommerce might also create new markets or extend market reach beyond traditional borders. Enlarging the market will have a positive effect on jobs. Another important issue relates to inter linkages among activities affected by e-commerce. Expenditure for e-commerce-related intermediate goods and services will create jobs indirectly, on the basis of the volume of electronic transactions and their effect on prices, costs and productivity. The convergence of media, telecommunication and computing technologies is creating a new integrated supply chain for the production and delivery of multimedia and information content. Most of the employment related to e-commerce around the content industries and communication infrastructure such as the Internet.

Jobs are both created and destroyed by technology, trade, and organizational change. These processes also underlie changes in the skill composition of employment. Beyond the net employment gains or losses brought about by these factors, it is apparent that workers with different skill levels will be affected differently. E-commerce is certainly driving the demand for IT professionals but it also requires IT expertise to be coupled with strong business application skills, thereby generating demand for a flexible, multi-skilled work force. There is a growing need for increased integration of Internet front-end applications with enterprise operations, applications and back-end databases. Many of the IT skill requirements needed for Internet support can be met by low-paid IT workers who can deal with the organizational services needed for basic web page programming. However, wide area networks, competitive web sites, and complex network applications require much more skill than a platform-specific IT job. Since the skills required for e-commerce are rare and in high demand, e-commerce might accelerate the up skilling trend in many countries by requiring high-skilled computer scientists to replace low-skilled information clerks, cashiers and market salespersons.

3. Education

Advances in information technology will affect the craft of teaching by complementing rather than eliminating traditional classroom instruction. Indeed the effective instructor acts in a mixture of roles. In one role the instructor is a supplier of services to the students, who might be regarded as its customers. But the effective instructor occupies another role as well, as a supervisor of students, and plays a role in motivating, encouraging, evaluating, and developing students. For any topic there will always be a small percentage of students with the necessary background, motivation, and self-discipline to learn from self-paced workbooks or computer assisted instruction. For the majority of students, however, the presence of a live instructor will continue to be far more effective than a computer assisted counterpart in facilitating positive educational outcomes. The greatest potential for new information technology lies in improving the productivity of time spent outside the classroom. Making solutions to problem sets and assigned reading materials available on the Internet offers a lot of convenience. E-mail vastly simplifies communication between students and faculty and among students who may be engaged in group projects. Advances in information technology will affect the craft of teaching by complementing rather than eliminating traditional classroom instruction. Indeed the effective instructor acts in a mixture of roles. In one role the instructor is a supplier of services to the students, who might be regarded as its customers. But the effective instructor occupies another role as well, as a supervisor of students, and plays a role in motivating, encouraging, evaluating, and developing students. For any topic there will always be a small percentage of students with the necessary background, motivation, and self-discipline to learn from self-paced workbooks or computer assisted instruction. For the majority of students, however, the presence of a live instructor will continue to be far more effective than a computer assisted counterpart in facilitating positive educational outcomes. The greatest potential for new information technology lies in improving the productivity of time spent outside the classroom. Making solutions to problem sets and assigned reading materials available on the Internet offers a lot of convenience. E-mail vastly simplifies communication between students and faculty and among students who may be engaged in group projects.

Although distance learning has existed for some time, the Internet makes possible a large expansion in coverage and better delivery of instruction. Text can be combined with audio/ video, and students can interact in real time via e-mail and discussion groups. Such technical improvements coincide with a general demand for retraining by those who, due to work and family demands, cannot attend traditional courses. Distance learning via the Internet is likely to complement existing schools for children and university students, but it could have more of a substitution effect for continuing education programmes. For some degree programmes, high-prestige institutions could use their reputation to attract students who would otherwise attend a local facility. Owing to the Internet’s ease of access and convenience for distance learning, overall demand for such programmes will probably expand, leading to growth in this segment of e-commerce.

As shown in the previous section, high level skills are vital in a technology-based and knowledge intensive economy. Changes associated with rapid technological advances in industry have made continual upgrading of professional skills an economic necessity. The goal of lifelong learning can only be accomplished by reinforcing and adapting existing systems of learning, both in public and private sectors. The demand for education and training concerns the full range of modern technology. Information technologies are uniquely capable of providing ways to meet this demand. Online training via the Internet ranges from accessing self-study courses to complete electronic classrooms. These computer-based training programmes provide flexibility in skills acquisition and are more affordable and relevant than more traditional seminars and courses.

4. Private Life and Society

Increasing representation of a wide variety of content in digital form results in easier and cheaper duplication and distribution of information. This has a mixed effect on the provision of content. On the one hand, content can be distributed at a lower unit cost. On the other hand, distribution of content outside of channels that respect intellectual property rights can reduce the incentives of creators and distributors to produce and make content available in the first place. Information technology raises a host of questions about intellectual property protection and new tools and regulations have to be developed in order to solve this problem.

Many issues also surround free speech and regulation of content on the Internet, and there continue to be calls for mechanisms to control objectionable content. However it is very difficult to find a sensible solution. Dealing with indecent material involves understanding not only the views on such topics but also their evolution over time. Furthermore, the same technology that allows for content altering with respect to decency can be used to filter political speech and to restrict access to political material. Thus, if censorship does not appear to be an option, a possible solution might be labelling. The idea is that consumers will be better informed in their decisions to avoid objectionable content.

The rapid increase in computing and communications power has raised considerable concern about privacy both in the public and private sector. Decreases in the cost of data storage and information processing make it likely that it will become practicable for both government and private data-mining enterprises to collect detailed dossiers on all citizens. Nobody knows who currently collects data about individuals, how this data is used and shared or how this data might be misused. These concerns lower the consumers’ trust in online institutions and communication and, thus, inhibit the development of electronic commerce. A technological approach to protecting privacy might by cryptography although it might be claimed that cryptography presents a serious barrier to criminal investigations.

It is popular wisdom that people today suffer information overload. A lot of the information available on the Internet is incomplete and even incorrect. People spend more and more of their time absorbing irrelevant information just because it is available and they think they should know about it. Therefore, it must be studied how people assign credibility to the information they collect in order to invent and develop new credibility systems to help consumers to manage the information overload.

Technological progress inevitably creates dependence on technology. Indeed the creation of vital infrastructure ensures dependence on that infrastructure. As surely as the world is now dependent on its transport, telephone, and other infrastructures, it will be dependent on the emerging information infrastructure. Dependence on technology can bring risks. Failures in the technological infrastructure can cause the collapse of economic and social functionality. Blackouts of long-distance telephone service, credit data systems, and electronic funds transfer systems, and other such vital communications and information processing services would undoubtedly cause widespread economic disruption. However, it is probably impossible to avoid technological dependence. Therefore, what must be considered is the exposure brought from dependence on technologies with a recognizable probability of failure, no workable substitute at hand, and high costs as a result of failure.

The ongoing computing and communications revolution has numerous economic and social impacts on modern society and requires serious social science investigation in order to manage its risks and dangers. Such work would be valuable for both social policy and technology design. Decisions have to be taken carefully. Many choices being made now will be costly or difficult to modify in the future.

Business Process Management Vs Value Creation Automation

Automation has become the next big thing in the information technology sector. Businesses all over are implementing automation models to manage workflow processes and increase efficiency. Among some of the leading automation structures, Business Process Management (BPM) has emerged as a popular choice by vendors. The discipline comprises of a unique combination of automation modelling, execution and control which are geared towards enabling a company to run more effectively.

But the road to success for BPM models has been far from easy. In fact, the rise of Business Process Management is nearing an end. According to a research conducted by Aberdeen Group in 2007, Business Process Management solutions have been a tough challenge for most companies. Some of the reasons behind the unpopularity of BPM solutions have been listed below:

Gap between BPM and People

To make any technology succeed in an organization, the right mind-set and organizational culture is required. One of the top challenges faced by executives implementing Business Process Management models was the inability to bring people on board with the new idea. The report stated that companies lacked a clear vision and roadmap for attaining business goals. Organizational members felt disconnected with the system and were unwilling to take control.

BPM limits innovation

Business Process Management programs can be harmful in some business structures where innovation is necessary. The idea of business evolution has gained momentum in recent decades due to increasing market competition. Businesses must be able to innovate and evolve with rapidly changing market trends in order to succeed. Business Process Management solutions tend to limit the amount of change a business can make in its processes. A research conducted by Brenner and Tushman revealed that a business with a BPM structure is more likely to fail if it does not innovate as compared to a business functioning without a BPM model.

Gap between process execution and process design

The Business Process Management lifecycle is diversely fragmented and lacks standards. Typically, a process will be broken down into different steps which require the usage of multiple BPM tools. To explain this further in simple words, it would be correct to state that the tools required for designing the process cannot be used to execute the process which can create a costly gap.

Lack of technical support

Many organizations have complained of the lack of technical support available for BPM models. Many vendors are unable to provide tools needed to address issues of the system. Since Business Process Management has become a broad area of recurring development, the lack of tool support has generated issues regarding inflexibility and process visualization.

Value Creation Automation: The New Approach

While the market for BPM solutions is in decline, Value Creation Automation is gaining momentum with its unique approach. Value Creation Automation is targeting a diverse set of industries, promising business leaders the key to unleashing maximum potential with technology.

Value Creation Automation is not a mixture of automated tools or components, rather it is single-structured technological framework which optimize business processes in a holistic manner. Superior interconnectivity and enhanced value delivery are key functioning aspects of this automation solution which enable businesses to scale robustly.

But all these fancy words have been used to promote BPMs, ERPs and other automation programs. So what truly makes Value Creation Automation different?

Integration management

The solution integrates all aspects of business functioning into a single holistic framework. Every activity and process is interconnected with each other to ensure maximum control.

Cost and Time Management

All activities and processes are measured against strict time and cost parameters by Value Creation Automation. Once a process is initiated, managers do not have to worry about measuring the time or the budget allocated. All process parameters and targets are displayed in real-time on screens for viewing purposes.

Value chain

“Value” is founding concept of Value Creation Automation. The primary purpose of VCA is to implement a value generating process flow which eliminates any non-value adding activity.

Lean and Six Sigma approach

The implementation of lean and six sigma has revolutionized industries to a whole new level. However, automated implementation of these principles is yet to materialize. Value Creation Automation instills Lean and Six Sigma at process and managerial level for maximum waste removal and increased productivity.

The Role of a Good Cooling Fan for Computers and Electronics

The main job of a computer or electronics fan is to keep the part cool. Chips inside them can get very hot so air flow keeps them at a regular temperature. Sadly, stock fans within electronics sometimes aren’t enough. Especially if there are several components working together, perhaps in an office or entertainment center.

That’s why a good fan and fan filter are a great addition to any setup. Learn more about the various types of fans below.

Common Types of Fans:

Power Supply – Most power supply units or PSU’s are provided with a 90mm or 120mm fan filter and internal fan.However, some suggest that they have two fans, one for intake and one for out-take. It is very crucial to keep all elements cool to lengthen the life of the equipment. Avoid melting and even exploding components from overheating by providing this type of cooling. The absence of a fan can greatly reduce its life span. Why take a chance?

Central Processing Unit – Having a smoothly operating fan in this unit is a critical step to have a computer or other device that performs well. Newer CPUs will have an internal temperature between 35 and 74 degrees Celsius, which is why a constant airflow from a fan and 120mm fan filter is necessary. The heat will continue to move off of the heat sink as required.

One can bet that if the CPU gets over 80 degrees Celsius it will fail in some way. A damaged motherboard means it’s time to buy a new unit in most cases.

Graphic Processing Unit – This type of fan is almost always found on high end video cards. It’s similar to the CPU fan in most ways, and helps keep games working smoothly with minimal issues.

Chipset – Chipsets in the motherboard come with both built in fans and 120mm fan filters and passive heat set ups. Many prefer passive heat but even these tiny fans work hard to keep things cool and cooperative. All elements, big or small need to stay operative and cool.

Case Fans – Also known as chassis fans, not every system or setup needs a case fan, or comes with one. No one should ever rely on the system to cool itself, it’s ineffective. Case fans come in many sizes as mentioned before; the most popular size is the fan and 120mm fan filter. Check the least in and outtake to see a huge difference in the effectiveness of any setup. Keeping the room temperature less than that inside the computer or part makes a huge difference.

Doing research is the best way to decide the final set up for what components are owned. There are many other fans that are wonderful supplements, and that can be installed. These include hard drive, PCI slot, and CD style. These types are great for helping CPU’s and video cards run at maximum efficiency.

These fans are almost always considered more of an option, while the above-mentioned fans are more mandatory. However, rest assured they do make a difference. Individuals can find fans and 120 mm fan filters from local and online sources.

As the industry’s largest manufacturer of electric fan accessories it is Gard Tec’s goal to improve cooling products. Its sister company which was established in the late 80’s and is the only online manufacturer of wire fan guards, filters and cords. Value is guaranteed in all products from the company which offers its stellar products online, worldwide. Invest in both plastic and metal fan guards, cords and over 4 million accessories are offered for both personal and OEM use at incredible prices. New products are always being developed in an effort to be more green and safe. Companies and smart consumers turn to Gard Tec for the most dependable fan accessories available.

Fundamental Data About The Computer

A PC is not an acronym and here and there truncated as comp or ‘puter. The expression “PC” was initially given to people (human PCs) who performed numerical counts utilizing mechanical adding machines, for example, the math device and slide principle. The term was later given to a mechanical gadget as they started supplanting the human PCs. Today’s computers are electronic gadgets that acknowledge (information), prepare that information, produce yield, and afterward store (stockpiling) the outcomes.

The primary computerized PC and what a great many people consider as a PC was known as the ENIAC, worked amid World War II (1943-1946). Early PCs like the ENIAC utilized vacuum tubes and were vast (once in a while room size) and just found in organizations, universities, or governments. Later, PCs started using transistors and in addition littler and less expensive parts that permitted the normal individual to possess a computer.

Today, PCs make occupations that used to be confounded much less difficult. For instance, you can compose a letter in a word processor, alter it at whatever time, spell check, print duplicates, and send it to somebody over the world in a matter of seconds. These exercises would have taken somebody days, if not months, to do before PCs. Likewise, the greater part of the above is only a little division of what PCs can do.

Today’s PCs have a few or the greater part of the underneath segments (equipment). As innovation advances, more established advances, for example, a floppy plate drive and Zip drive (both demonstrated as follows), are no more required or included with PCs.

• Bay

• Case or Chassis

• Case Fan

• Optical drive: Blu-beam, CD-ROM, CD-R, CD-RW, or DVD

• CPU (processor)

• Floppy plate drive

• Hard drive

• Keyboard

• Memory (RAM)

• Microphone

• Monitor, LCD, or another presentation gadget

• Motherboard

• Mouse

• Network card

• Power Supply

• Printer

• Sound card

• Speakers

• Video card

At the point when discussing a PC or a “PC”, you are normally alluding to a conventional PC that you would discover in a home or office. Today, be that as it may, the lines of what makes a PC are obscuring. The following are all the diverse case of what is viewed as a PC today.

Above, is only a couple of the most surely understood PCs and a case of exactly how distinctive PCs can look today. The following is a finished rundown of PCs of over a wide span of time.

Console (e.g. Xbox and PS3)

Diskless workstation and Thin customer

Implanted PCs – The most widely recognized and utilized PC. An implanted PC is a PC with a particular capacity found in such things as ATMs, autos, microwaves, TVs, the VCR, and other home hardware.

Cross breed PC

Tablet, versatile, scratch pad computer

Centralized server or Supercomputer

Microcomputer

Nanocomputer

Netbook

PDA

PC (otherwise known as desktop and home computer)

Server

Set-Top box

Cell phone

Tablet

Who makes PCs?

Today, there are many organizations that make and construct computers, on the off chance that you get the majority of the essential parts for a PC you can even make your own PC. See our PC organizations page for a posting of organizations (OEMs) that make and fabricate PCs.

Make Your PowerPoint Presentation Perfect by Controlling It Remotely

Do you often give PowerPoint presentations? Does it bother you to go to the computer or laptop and use it to change a slide or play a video? Does it make you feel you’re losing the control of your presentation? Well, there is a solution.

Having full control of your presentation can be very productive and it will affect your presentation in a positive way. It’s good for your confidence too.

One of the important factors of a presentation is what is displayed on the screen. Mostly, it is a PowerPoint file, consisting of some slides made of texts, pictures and videos. So, if you want to give your PowerPoint presentation while you are standing and explaining what is on the screen, returning to the computer or laptop for changing the slide can seem a little bit awkward and it can have a negative effect on your confidence. The solution for this problem is very simple. You just have to control it remotely. Do you want to know how? Using your smartphone.

Thanks to technology, smartphones have brought a solution for a lot of our problems. You can use your smartphone to control your PowerPoint presentation with your smartphone with a Wi-Fi or Bluetooth connection to the source device. You can change the slides and advance, jump to a specific slide and skip the slides in between and use a virtual laser pointer right from your Android device…

After you install a Presentation Remote App on your Android device, you will have full control of your presentation from your phone, and you are just a few steps away from a perfect speech.

Office Remote which is an app developed by Microsoft, turns your phone into a smart remote that interacts with Microsoft Office on your PC. The app lets you control Word, Excel, and PowerPoint from across the room, so you can walk around freely during presentations.Yet, Presentation Link is another app for this purpose, developed by ASUS.

The main advantage of Presentation Link over the Office Remote app is the option to choose Wi-Fi connection, and unlike the Microsoft app, the ASUS Hit Team app is not limited to just Bluetooth. But on the other side, the Microsoft app supports PowerPoint, Excel and Word applications and your Android device can function as a remote app for all these productivity services.